Head Injury Lawyer

Head Injury

Traumatic brain injuries are common in Long Island. In many instances, these injuries are mild concussions, requiring no treatment beyond rest. However, in too many cases, a traumatic brain injury (TBI) can have devastating effects, including permanent brain damage or even death. 

In 2014, there were 2,171 deaths caused by TBIs throughout New York State. There were also 18,946 hospitalizations and 142,359 other emergency room visits caused by traumatic brain injuries that year. The majority of these cases were men, though thousands of women also suffered the effects of a TBI.

If you have suffered a serious traumatic brain injury through the fault of another, you have legal rights. This includes the right to seek compensation for the losses you suffered because of your TBI. The New York brain injury lawyers at TonaLaw have decades of combined experience helping injured victims get the compensation they deserve.

Call us today at 1-833-TONALAW or contact us online to schedule a free, no-obligation consultation with a Long Island brain injury attorney today.

How Do I Know If I Have a Traumatic Brain Injury?

There are two general types of traumatic brain injury: open and closed. An open TBI occurs when an object penetrates, fractures or shatters the skull, therefore injuring the brain. Though skull fractures and similar injuries are rare because the skull is so strong, these injuries can have lifelong effects, including severe brain damage. 

Open TBIs, also known as a penetrating TBI, may be caused by violence, car accidents, falls and other incidents. If you suffer an open traumatic brain injury, it’s vital you seek immediate medical attention. These are always considered severe.

Closed TBIs are much more common. These injuries may range from mild to severe; mild closed TBIs are generally referred to as concussions (though concussions themselves can range from mild to severe).

Symptoms of a mild TBIs include:

  • Short loss of consciousness
  • Headache
  • Feeling confused, dizzy, dazed or disoriented
  • Nausea
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Drowsiness and fatigue
  • Speech issues
  • Blurred vision, changes in smell or taste, or ringing in ears
  • Sensitivity to sound or light
  • Mood swings
  • Problems with concentration or memory
  • Sudden onset of anxiety or depression

Moderate or severe TBIs may require different medication and, in some instances, surgery. In addition to symptoms associated with mild TBIs, symptoms of more serious head trauma include:

  • Loss of consciousness that lasts for several minutes (or even hours)
  • Worsening or persistent headache
  • Persistent nausea
  • Pupil dilations
  • Seizures or convulsions
  • Inability to wake up
  • Loss of coordination
  • Numbness or weakness in the extremities
  • Clear fluids coming from the ears and nose
  • Unusual behavior, such as combativeness
  • Profound confusion
  • Coma
  • Slurred speech

While a mild concussion may not require medical attention, moderate or severe TBI should always be evaluated by a doctor. If you suffer any kind of blow to the head, even if you don’t think it’s too serious, seeing a doctor is always a good idea.

What Causes TBIs?

Virtually any blow to the head can cause traumatic brain injuries. There are other factors that can cause a traumatic brain injury as well. However, causes beyond physical damage to the head are much rarer. Some of the most common causes of traumatic brain injuries include:

Pi Ebook DownloadCan I Get Compensation for My Traumatic Brain Injury?

New York law allows for anyone who has been injured due to someone else’s actions or negligence to receive compensation for their losses. In some instances, like car accidents, you must first reach your compensation limit from your no-fault insurance policy before you can sue for further compensation.  That said, in almost every instance of brain injury, even mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), your no-fault policy will exhaust.

When you contact one of our Long Island brain injury lawyers, we will evaluate the details of your case to determine how much compensation you are owed. This compensation, or damages, is divided into two categories: economic and noneconomic. 

Economic damages pertain to the monetary losses you suffered because of your TBI. These damages may include medical bills, rehabilitation costs, lost wages, property damage, and more. Noneconomic damages, on the other hand, relate to the less tangible losses you suffered. These may include pain and suffering, lost earning capacity, disfigurement, and more.

When you work with a Long Island brain injury attorney from TonaLaw, we will consult with medical and other experts and gather evidence to prove you deserve greater compensation. We will try to negotiate with the insurance company out of court to get you the correct amount of compensation you deserve quicker, but if we need to, we have the skills and experience to fight for your rights in the courtroom.

Types of Brain Injuries

While there are numerous types of brain injuries, some of the most common include:


A concussion occurs when the brain impacts the inside of the skull and is generally caused by a blow to the head. Concussions can range from mild to severe. Mild concussions are generally treated with acetaminophen for pain and rest. Moderate or severe concussions may require a more serious regimen of rest, including shortening work or school days and avoiding electronic screens or reading.


Edema is the medical term for swelling. Any TBI can lead to brain swelling or cerebral edema. While edema may not be too serious when it happens in other tissues of your body, it’s a serious issue when it occurs in the brain, since the skull can’t expand to allow for the swelling. As such, edema can cause pressure in your brain. There are a few different options to treat brain swelling, ranging from medication to surgery.


Hemorrhaging is the medical term for uncontrolled bleeding. In terms of brain injuries, hemorrhaging may occur within the brain tissue (intracerebral hemorrhage), or in the space in the skull around the brain (subarachnoid hemorrhage). Brain hemorrhages can lead to strokes, edema and other serious issues. Hemorrhages are generally treated with different types of medications.


A hematoma occurs when there is a clot of blood outside the blood vessels. Brain hematomas generally occur when a brain blood vessel ruptures. There are three different types of brain hematomas: subdural hematomas (between the brain and its protective membranes), epidural hematomas (between the protective membranes and the skull), and intraparenchymal hematomas (within the brain). Hematomas can apply pressure within the skull, which can be life-threatening. Surgery is often required to alleviate pressure.

Diffuse Axonal Injury

While the above injuries typically cause some kind of bleeding on the brain, a diffuse axonal injury (or sheer injury) does not. Rather, it directly damages the brain cells. It occurs in about half of all severe TBIs. As the name implies, a diffuse axonal injury doesn’t occur in a specific area, but rather is widespread. When the brain cells are damaged, they are unable to function. In addition, a diffuse axonal injury can cause swelling. Medications are the most common treatment for diffuse axonal injuries, as surgery often isn’t an option. Diffuse axonal injury(DAI) is the most severe of brain injuries often resulting in permanent, residual brain injury and/or brain damage.

Am I At Risk for CTE?

CTE, or chronic traumatic encephalopathy, has been in the news a lot in recent years. You may be worried that you are at risk for this terrible disease. The good news is, most people are not at risk for CTE.

CTE is caused by repetitive head trauma. Such trauma generally occurs in athletes such as football players and boxers, and in military veterans. If you have suffered a few TBIs throughout your life, especially mild concussions, your risk for CTE is practically nonexistent. In every known instance of CTE, the victims of the disease suffered hundreds or thousands of head injuries.

This disease is caused by Tau protein forming and clumping in the brain, which causes the death of brain cells. Not coincidentally, this buildup is also what causes dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. Dementia and CTE have similar symptoms, most notably cognitive disabilities. 

How a Long Island Brain Injury Attorney Can Help You

If you suffer a traumatic brain injury due to someone else’s actions or negligence, the insurance company may send you a settlement offer. Chances are, this offer will be much lower than what you actually deserve. However, the insurance company will send this low offer because they know you likely need the money to cover your medical bills and other expenses.

Once you accept this offer, you forfeit your right to seek further compensation. So before you accept any kind of settlement offer from the insurance company, give us a call for a free, no-obligation consultation.

We’ll review all of the details of your case, including any offer you received, to determine if you deserve greater compensation. Our lawyers are here to help you. If this means seeking greater compensation, we will. However, if we believe the insurance company has offered a fair settlement, we’ll let you know that as well.

Call us today at Call us at 1-833-TONALAW or contact us online to schedule a consultation with a Long Island brain injury attorney today.

What Our Clients Are Saying

Excellent5.0 Based on 381 reviews from review us onJennifer CaceresJennifer Caceres ★★★★★ I highly recommend using tonalaw. Lauren and Jada are amazing. Any questions or concerns I had they answered. I am happy I choose tonalaw .Response from the ownerThank you so much for your review Jennifer! We are so glad to hear that you were pleased with our responsiveness and thoroughness in addressing your questions and concerns. Your feedback is invaluable to us, and we are committed to providing our clients with the best possible legal representation. Thank you again for your kind words. We are honored to have you as a client. Carlos UmanaCarlos Umana ★★★★★ Excelente atención buena comunicación contestan mis preguntas con sinceridadResponse from the ownerThank you so much for your review Carlos! Your feedback is invaluable to us, and we will continue to strive to provide you and all of our customers with the outstanding service you deserve. Yanira Del ValleYanira Del Valle ★★★★★ Mr. Tona is such a wonderful human and attorney. So helpful, without a second thought, he shares his knowledge and experience. He helps makes this Plaintiff community a better one. Thank you!!!Response from the ownerThank you Yanira! It was so great meeting you. Marvin SortoMarvin Sorto ★★★★★ TonaLaw is a very reputable firm. Ana is such a great asset to the firm. She is also bilingual with many years of experienceResponse from the ownerThank you for your kind words Marvin! gary gundersengary gundersen ★★★★★ I’ve been to tona law several times already and I’ve had the pleasure to deal with Ana both time and she was amazing. Made sure all paperwork was in order and is super thorough with everything. Highly recommendedResponse from the ownerThank you so much for taking the time to share your positive experience with us at Tona Law. We are so glad to hear that you were pleased with the services provided by Ana. We are committed to providing our clients with the highest quality legal representation, and we are always striving to exceed expectations. Jennifer PorterJennifer Porter ★★★★★ Tom Tona puts so much emphasis and effort into developing a fantastic law firm, delivering excellent results for their clients and also staying at the forefront of law firm management skills. I am super impressed by my conversation and interaction with Tom and am happy to recommend him!Response from the ownerJennifer, thank you so much for this wonderful review. We are delighted to hear that you were impressed with your conversation and interaction with Tom. We strive to provide a positive and supportive experience for all of our clients, and we are so glad to hear you had such a positive interaction with Mr. Tona. Thank you again for your kind words. Janet SowinskiJanet Sowinski ★★★★★ Lauren, one of the paralegals at Tona Law is very knowledgeable, compassionate and very professional. She genuinely cares for her clients and is always willing to go the extra mile to help. Having known her for several years, i can confidently recommend both Lauren and Tona Law to anyone seeking great assistance.Carmen SandovalCarmen Sandoval ★★★★★ Quiero darles las gracias por haberme representado en mi caso, felizmente estos abogados lograron ganar ni caso, y estoy muy satisfecha por su gran trabajo, hablan español y la señorita Ana es muy atenta y cordial y amable con sus clientes, muchisinas gracias x sus servicios ademas de ser rapidos, nos ayudan mucho especialmente a las personas qué sólo hablamos español, les recomiendo este servicio de abogados muy honestos. Muchas gracias👌😘Miguel MenaMiguel Mena ★★★★★ Ana is extremely knowledgeable and a great asset to your firm! Definitely will be coming back.Sandie RivasSandie Rivas ★★★★★ Ana is amazing! Working with her was extremely enjoyable. She is a great asset to Tonalaw and always eager to help!Darwin RomeroDarwin Romero ★★★★★ Ana was an absolute pleasure. She was incredibly knowledgeable and thoughtful throughout the entire process. Highly recommend!Emma SortoEmma Sorto ★★★★★ Ana is a wonderful personal. She is very talented and very hardworking. Best thing is that she is bilingual! Always willing to help anyone who is in need of a hand! You are in great hands at Tona Law!nicole garcianicole garcia ★★★★★ Couldn’t recommend Lauren more!!! I’ve known Lauren for years, she is a dedicated, hard worker and is so professional when it comes to her job. She really cares about her clients and doing the best for them.Dolceprincipessa xoDolceprincipessa xo ★★★★★ I highly recommend Will Ramos as a lawyer. He is a true professional. He explained my options with me and was very accessible & kept me updated! I also had the pleasure of working with Jayden. She was great as well. They assisted with my case and helped me tremendously! Highly recommend :)yessenia lopez ramosyessenia lopez ramos ★★★★★ I have know Attorney Will Ramos for many years. He is very detail oriented, a great advocate, and an empathetic individual.I have referred a few clients during their time of need over to Will and the friendly staff at Tona Law. He is willing to go above and beyond for others.CARLOS RODRIGUEZCARLOS RODRIGUEZ ★★★★★ I have known Will Ramos for 15 plus years and can attest to his character in placing the needs for others above his own. He is an asset to any organization and a team player with positive attitude.Jessica MalaveJessica Malave ★★★★★ I’ve known attorney Will Ramos for 16 years he always places the needs of others above his own. He is a caring man and super understanding and has a big heart.Bianca RamosBianca Ramos ★★★★★ Attorney Will Ramos is awesome the law firm is lucky to have someone like him part of their team. He genuinely cares for others and is always willing to lend a helping hand.Response from the ownerBianca, thank you for leaving a wonderful review for our firm. We are lucky to have Will Ramos as part of our team! Arianna RamosArianna Ramos ★★★★★ Attorney Will Ramos is nothing short of dedicated and hard working. Each case he works on demonstrates his passion for law and his care for his clients.Response from the ownerThank you for your review, Arianna! Will Ramos has been a wonderful asset to our team. JenneferJennefer ★★★★★ I've had the pleasure of knowing Lauren for quite a while now, and I must say, her dedication to her clients is truly remarkable. She takes immense pride in her work as a professional she seamlessly balances her role at Tona Law, where she's involved in legal matters. Having seen her commitment and skill firsthand, I can confidently recommend both Lauren and Tona Law to anyone seeking top-notch assistance.Celine Aubry-DumandCeline Aubry-Dumand ★★★★★ I had a great experience working with TonaLaw.The team was really friendly and helpful throughout the entire process.Response from the ownerCeline, thank you so much for taking the time to leave a review for our firm. We are so grateful we were able to help you and provide you with a great experience. Thank you! Adam OmallyAdam Omally ★★★★★ I have known Lauren one of the paralegals at Tona law for many years and she is dedicated to her profession and helping her clients. Wonderful person.Alexandra DevineAlexandra Devine ★★★★★ Lauren at TonaLaw was extremely helpful! She was so nice and professional. I highly recommend asking for her!Margaret CaschettaMargaret Caschetta ★★★★★ I have known Lauren for a long time and she’s always been dedicated to her job! Excellent at anything she’s ever done.NICOLE GUASTONICOLE GUASTO ★★★★★ Lauren’s great- reliable empathetic the whole package - years of knowing her I wouldn’t ask for anyone elsejs_loader