A catastrophic injury is any serious injury that causes a person to suffer long-term or permanent disfigurement or disability. A person who suffers a catastrophic injury will most often need emergency medical attention as soon as possible, assuming the injury is noticeable. According to the American Medical Association, a catastrophic injury is a severe injury to the spine, spinal cord, or brain and may include skull and spinal fractures. Moreover, severe burns are also classified as catastrophic injuries.

Common Causes of Catastrophic Injuries

ambulance transporting a patient with catastrophic injuries to the hospital

Common causes of catastrophic injuries include:

  • Car Accidents 
  • Slip and Falls
  • Trip and Falls
  • Sporting Injuries
  • Bicycle Accidents
  • Motorcycle Accidents
  • Boating Accidents; and
  • Workplace injuries

Regardless of how the injury occurred, Tona Law’s attorneys will know the next step in getting you what you deserve.

How is a Catastrophic Injury Diagnosed? 

A catastrophic injury that is visible often requires immediate medical attention. However, some catastrophic injuries are not always apparent after the injury is sustained. Symptoms related to catastrophic injuries, such as traumatic brain injuries, do not always present themselves right away. Therefore, it is vital that the injured party seek medical attention as soon as possible, even if they do not feel like they are seriously injured. 

Additionally, individuals who have been involved in a serious accident should document their symptoms. This includes recording the onset of symptoms, the severity of their symptoms, and how often their symptoms occur. Also, the injured party should keep track of how their symptoms limit or hinder their ability to engage in normal activities, including going to work or participating in a beloved hobby. 

Spinal Cord Injury

The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke defines a spinal cord injury as damage to the ball of cells and nerves that send messages to the brain. Spinal cord injuries are considered catastrophic due to the significant impact on the body’s ability to regulate itself properly. Over four million Americans suffer a spinal injury yearly, many of which will result in long-lasting symptoms. 

The spinal cord is generally divided into four sections starting from the lowest part of your back to the neck: the sacral spinal cord, the lumbar spinal cord, the thoracic spinal cord, and the cervical spinal cord. Generally speaking, trauma to a specific part of the spinal cord affects limbs and other parts of the body below the injury. 

A spinal cord injury results from a direct injury to the spinal cord. In addition, the spinal cord may be injured indirectly when the vertebrae are damaged. A herniated disk, or slipped disk, is one of the most common types of spinal cord injury. 

woman with a spinal cord catastrophic injury visiting with her doctor

A herniated disk is an injury to one of the rubbery cushions, or discs, that sit between the vertebrae that form the spine. Individuals who suffer a herniated disc in the lumbar portion of their spine may feel a sharp pain that travels down the leg. This pain is the result of a disc pressing on the sciatic nerve. Aside from the sensation of pain, other symptoms include numbness, weakness, or tingling sensations. When individuals suffer injuries to the upper back and neck, known as the cervical spine, they can experience symptoms, including sharp pain in their arms and neck. 

Aside from the above-referenced symptoms, a spinal injury can also result in loss of motion or complete paralysis of part of the individual’s body. Other symptoms include muscle spasms, sexual dysfunction, and digestive issues. If you feel any of these sensations, you must see a medical professional to assess the injury and prevent further damage.

Each year, according to the National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center (“NPCISC”), there are roughly 12,000 new cases of Americans who are diagnosed with either paraplegia or quadriplegia. Most spinal cord injuries result from sudden and severe physical trauma, although even a relatively less impactful incident could cause long-lasting damage if the impact occurs in direct impacts to the spine. 

The most common cause of spinal injuries is traumatic motor vehicle accidents. In fact, according to the NPCISC, approximately 38% of spinal cord injuries occur as a result of car collisions. If you were in a car accident and are subsequently diagnosed with a spinal cord injury, the knowledgeable attorneys at Tona Law are a free consultation away from recovering the compensation you deserve for your injuries.

Severe Burns

According to the Journal of the American Medical Association, more than 300,000 individuals die each year after severe burns. Beyond fatalities, many more individuals are severely injured, disfigured, or disabled after enduring a burn injury.

Burns are classified into six degrees depending upon their severity and the parts of the body that are injured. For example, first degree burns are classified as superficial while sixth degree burns are considered catastrophic and often result in fatalities. 

man with a catastrophic injury of severe burns sits in a hospital bed

The treatment for a burn depends on how significant the injury is. Typically, individuals who suffer minor superficial burns can treat their burns at home without professional medical attention. However, a second-degree burn may be deemed moderate or severe and require medical attention if the burn covers over ten percent of the patient’s body or affects a sensitive part of the body, such as the hands or face. Generally, patients that suffer a burn on a significant portion of their body have a poorer prognosis. 

While there are a huge number of circumstances that can lead to a burn-related injury, many of these incidents take place in the home. For example, a landlord’s failure to follow fire safety standards could lead to a dangerous accident, injuring someone living in the apartment building or dwelling. Similarly, a landlord or homeowner’s failure to cover an exposed heating or hot water pipe could cause severe burns to someone unlucky enough to touch the pipe. Another water-related issue that could lead to injury involves negligent safeguards over the temperature of water—a tenant or guest could experience a severe burn if the water from a sink, shower, or bath jumps to an extreme temperature without warning, 

Aside from housing issues, there are other ways that a victim could become subject to a catastrophic burn, such as a motor vehicle accident caused by a product defect. No matter the cause, the experienced attorneys at Tona Law are here to ensure you get the compensation you deserve.

Traumatic Brain Injury

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a traumatic brain injury, or TBI, is an injury that affects how the brain functions. Traumatic brain injuries can be caused by countless events such as a serious car accident, a bad fall, or sports-related injury. Traumatic brain injuries vary in severity. Thus, depending upon the severity of the injury, TBI symptoms may last a few weeks or result in life-long symptoms. 

Traumatic brain injuries can have a wide array of physical and psychological symptoms. Physical symptoms include headaches, nausea, and dizziness. Psychological symptoms include loss of consciousness, mood swings, and memory issues. Further, these symptoms can appear immediately following the accident or weeks later. A traumatic brain injury is considered catastrophic due to the sensitive nature of the brain. 

imaging of a brain that can determine the extent of a catastrophic injury

Over a million Americans are diagnosed with traumatic brain injuries each year. These injuries are usually caused by direct trauma to the head, which has a devastating impact on the blood vessels and tissues which allow the brain to function. The two most common causes of traumatic brain injuries are falls and motor vehicle accidents.

After a head injury, the injured person must seek emergency treatment. This is the case because even in situations where the skull is not fractured, and there is no external bleeding, the internal tissue of the brain could be damaged to the point where the injured person’s life is in immediate danger. In those scenarios, the internal lining and tissues of the brain could become torn, resulting in a range of dangerous conditions, including an internal brain bleed which, in turn, causes the brain to swell. Depending on the exact circumstances of the injury, this could be known as either a subdural hematoma or an epidural bleed. This serious chain of events is life-threatening.

Regardless of the cause of your traumatic brain injury, the attorneys at Tona Law know the best way to represent your interests and win your case.

Limb Amputation

An individual may experience a significant injury that results in the amputation of a limb. While the physical impact of an amputation is devastating, the victim may also experience crippling psychological symptoms as they adjust to their new reality. The true effect of a limb amputation must be evaluated on a case-by-case basis. For example, while losing a pinky finger may not be a traumatic injury for some, it would be devastating for a concert pianist. 

While there are many ways an amputation could happen, the most common result is a motor vehicle accident or an injury sustained due to faulty machinery. Amputations are life-changing events and are emotionally significant to anyone who experiences it. If you were the victim of an accident, the attorneys at Tona Law can assist you in seeking the compensation you deserve for the injury.

Seeking Compensation After a Catastrophic Injury

An individual suffering a catastrophic injury will often incur thousands of dollars in debt due to extensive medical bills. Based on the severity of the injury, the injured party may require rehabilitation for weeks, months, or even the remainder of the individual’s life. Moreover, catastrophic injuries often result in the injured individual being forced to leave their job because they can no longer perform the basic elements of the job that they had been able to perform prior to the accident. As a result, those who suffer catastrophic injuries have trouble finding and keeping a job, which causes the individuals more financial stress. 

However, the losses an individual suffers are not purely economic. The injured party typically suffers non-economic damages, including physical pain, emotional suffering, loss of companionship, and the loss of enjoyment brought by activities they used to engage in. For example, an individual who once enjoyed playing tennis but now cannot due to their catastrophic injury has lost an activity that once brought them joy. The inability to live life to its fullest is a serious issue that you can seek compensation for.

Hire an Attorney Who Specialized in Catastrophic Injuries 

At Tona Law, we understand the pain and difficulties our clients go through after they have been injured. Whether your injury results from another’s negligence or a workplace injury, we can help you recover medical costs, lost income, and peace of mind. 

With over twenty years of experience, our office is familiar with the deceitful tactics insurance companies utilize so they can pay you less than you deserve. However, at Tona Law, our clients know their attorney is working tirelessly to get them the settlement they deserve. 

For these reasons, you need a New York personal injury attorney who will ensure you receive compensation for your injuries. For legal services ranging from personal injury and no-fault collections to business litigation, call Tona Law toll-free today at 1(833) TONALAW or text 1 (631) 780-5355. 

What Our Clients Are Saying

TonaLawExcellentTonaLaw5.0 Based on 396 reviews fromSee all reviews review us onRose FrancisqueRose Francisque ★★★★★ Kj MuchKj Much ★★★★★ The whole team has been extremely passionate, caring and understanding thru this whole process. This was a first for me. The firm came highly recommended thank you Ralph.Special thanks to Jayda a Ana. Thanks again.RONZA DIGIORGIORONZA DIGIORGIO ★★★★★ I was referred to Tona law by a friend following a horrific accident. Mr. Tona himself called me immediately from his family vacation and set me up with a team of professional , caring people that guided me through my recovery every step of the way. I would give 10 stars if i could !Muhammad KhanMuhammad Khan ★★★★★ Jayda and laureen are so nice and professional and they really helped me from start to finish and they always respond me back. Please get help from tonalaw if you need any in regards to accidents. ThanksRoxana PachecoRoxana Pacheco ★★★★★ My father, seek them out for a case in December and Ana has been fantastic. Ana has reassured all his concerns and has been nothing but amazing with any follow up questions that we have had. Besides being very compassionate, and friendly she’s also bilingual! Definitely would recommend anyone to TonaLaw!Response from the ownerThank you so much for your review! We're thrilled to hear about your positive experience with Ana and how she has been able to address all of your concerns with care and professionalism. We sincerely appreciate your recommendation and are here for any further assistance you might need. Best wishes from the TonaLaw team! Anthal ArizagaAnthal Arizaga ★★★★★ Penelope is so helpful and very easy to talk too, I’d recommended this law firm to anyone who is involved in an accident! You will be taken care of!Response from the ownerThank you so much for your wonderful review and recommendation! David KesslerDavid Kessler ★★★★★ Excellent law firm. Top notch attorneys and the friendliest receptionist Robin who was my first contact with the firm and her reception of me made me feel that I had made the right decision in finding a firm with people who really cared about meVanessa LopezVanessa Lopez ★★★★★ I have known Lauren for years and can confidently say, she goes above and beyond for her clients. She is always willing to help and go the extra mile and it is so very appreciated!Response from the ownerVanessa, thank you so much for this wonderful review! Julee HutchisonJulee Hutchison ★★★★★ I was given the opportunity to create and produce a newsletter for TonaLaw. Juliet Accomando directed the project and I found the whole experience to be very professional and well organized. Juliet was receptive to design ideas, responsive to emails and appreciative of our working relationship. It was a pleasure to work with TonaLaw. I look forward to future projects.Response from the ownerThank you so much for taking the time to leave such a fantastic review! We are thrilled to hear that you enjoyed the experience of creating the newsletter for TonaLaw. We truly appreciate your kind words about Juliet as well. We are equally excited about our upcoming projects! Marina DelfelMarina Delfel ★★★★★ Tona Law has been wonderful and so, so easy to work with! The entirety of my time working with them, their team has been extremely professional, kind and dedicated! I am so happy to have gotten to work with such an amazing team!Response from the ownerWe're incredibly grateful for your kind words about your experience working with Tona Law. Thank you so much Marina! Lydia KaboolianLydia Kaboolian ★★★★★ Response from the ownerThank you for your review! Karen RadoslovichKaren Radoslovich ★★★★★ My interactions with Janira have been wonderful! She's always upbeat, knowledgeable, 100% approachable....and thinking out of the box. I look forward to working with her on many future projects.Response from the ownerThank you so much for taking the time to share your positive experience with Janira! We're thrilled to hear that your interactions with her have been wonderful. Your kind words mean a lot to us and motivate us to keep exceeding expectations. Robert J McCarrollRobert J McCarroll ★★★★★ Everything I've had to do with the firm is positive. Everyone at Tona Law has always been a pleasure to work with and very prompt and professional. I look forward to serving them again!Response from the ownerThank you for leaving such a wonderful review about our team. We appreciate your kind words! Daniel FeimanDaniel Feiman ★★★★★ Everyone at Tona Law is great to work with. I enjoy all of our interactions.Response from the ownerThank you so much for your kind words! We truly appreciate you taking the time to leave us a review, and it means a lot to hear that you enjoy our interactions. Ed AlexanderEd Alexander ★★★★★ Tom is a great lawyer, but more importantly, Tom is a relatable person. My friend and colleague for over a decade, I’ve watched his dynamic entrepreneurial take-charge style develop a hard charging firm with a supportive culture and a team that does excellent work, achieves great results, and truly cares about clients. Tom’s energy is contagious – I always get a boost when I spend time with him. I highly recommend Tona Law.Response from the ownerEd, thank you so much for this amazing review. Your recognition of our hard work means the world to us especially because we pride ourselves on our client care and results. We appreciate your recommendation! MJPT-1MJPT-1 ★★★★★ Working with TonaLaw has been a wonderful experience. The kind staff which I am very pleased with is always professional and attentive. I highly recommend!Response from the ownerYour kind words about our team truly warm our hearts! We strive to provide a professional and attentive experience for every client, and it's so rewarding to know we're succeeding. Thank you for choosing TonaLaw and for the wonderful recommendation! Mitchell YorkMitchell York ★★★★★ Tom Tona and all the professionals at Tona Law have a deep commitment for fighting for what’s right. The firm is relentlessly focused on their clients’ cases, as a matter of empathy and professional pride. The company is process driven and disciplined in everything they do.Response from the ownerThank you for your wonderful 5-star review! Your acknowledgment of our dedication and disciplined approach truly means a lot to us. We remain committed to delivering the best for our clients and are grateful for your trust and support. Vanessa VajkoVanessa Vajko ★★★★★ TonaLaw has an amazing scholarship program opportunity for fellow veterans and incredibly kind people to talk with! The application process was also fairly prompt and seamless. I am so grateful for this scholarship and highly recommend that other veterans get on board with applying. Thank you again!!! :)Response from the ownerThank you for applying to our scholarship and for sharing your experience! It is a pleasure to be able to assist you in your education journey. Thank you for leaving such a thoughtful review and thank you for your service! Jennifer CaceresJennifer Caceres ★★★★★ I highly recommend using tonalaw. Lauren and Jada are amazing. Any questions or concerns I had they answered. I am happy I choose tonalaw .Response from the ownerThank you so much for your review Jennifer! We are so glad to hear that you were pleased with our responsiveness and thoroughness in addressing your questions and concerns. Your feedback is invaluable to us, and we are committed to providing our clients with the best possible legal representation. Thank you again for your kind words. We are honored to have you as a client. Carlos UmanaCarlos Umana ★★★★★ Excelente atención buena comunicación contestan mis preguntas con sinceridadResponse from the ownerThank you so much for your review Carlos! Your feedback is invaluable to us, and we will continue to strive to provide you and all of our customers with the outstanding service you deserve. Yanira Del ValleYanira Del Valle ★★★★★ Mr. Tona is such a wonderful human and attorney. So helpful, without a second thought, he shares his knowledge and experience. He helps makes this Plaintiff community a better one. Thank you!!!Response from the ownerThank you Yanira! It was so great meeting you. Marvin SortoMarvin Sorto ★★★★★ TonaLaw is a very reputable firm. Ana is such a great asset to the firm. She is also bilingual with many years of experienceResponse from the ownerThank you for your kind words Marvin! gary gundersengary gundersen ★★★★★ I’ve been to tona law several times already and I’ve had the pleasure to deal with Ana both time and she was amazing. Made sure all paperwork was in order and is super thorough with everything. Highly recommendedResponse from the ownerThank you so much for taking the time to share your positive experience with us at Tona Law. We are so glad to hear that you were pleased with the services provided by Ana. We are committed to providing our clients with the highest quality legal representation, and we are always striving to exceed expectations. Jennifer PorterJennifer Porter ★★★★★ Tom Tona puts so much emphasis and effort into developing a fantastic law firm, delivering excellent results for their clients and also staying at the forefront of law firm management skills. I am super impressed by my conversation and interaction with Tom and am happy to recommend him!Response from the ownerJennifer, thank you so much for this wonderful review. We are delighted to hear that you were impressed with your conversation and interaction with Tom. We strive to provide a positive and supportive experience for all of our clients, and we are so glad to hear you had such a positive interaction with Mr. Tona. Thank you again for your kind words. Janet SowinskiJanet Sowinski ★★★★★ Lauren, one of the paralegals at Tona Law is very knowledgeable, compassionate and very professional. She genuinely cares for her clients and is always willing to go the extra mile to help. Having known her for several years, i can confidently recommend both Lauren and Tona Law to anyone seeking great assistance.Carmen SandovalCarmen Sandoval ★★★★★ Quiero darles las gracias por haberme representado en mi caso, felizmente estos abogados lograron ganar ni caso, y estoy muy satisfecha por su gran trabajo, hablan español y la señorita Ana es muy atenta y cordial y amable con sus clientes, muchisinas gracias x sus servicios ademas de ser rapidos, nos ayudan mucho especialmente a las personas qué sólo hablamos español, les recomiendo este servicio de abogados muy honestos. Muchas gracias👌😘Miguel MenaMiguel Mena ★★★★★ Ana is extremely knowledgeable and a great asset to your firm! Definitely will be coming back.Sandie RivasSandie Rivas ★★★★★ Ana is amazing! Working with her was extremely enjoyable. She is a great asset to Tonalaw and always eager to help!Darwin RomeroDarwin Romero ★★★★★ Ana was an absolute pleasure. She was incredibly knowledgeable and thoughtful throughout the entire process. Highly recommend!Emma SortoEmma Sorto ★★★★★ Ana is a wonderful personal. She is very talented and very hardworking. Best thing is that she is bilingual! Always willing to help anyone who is in need of a hand! You are in great hands at Tona Law!nicole garcianicole garcia ★★★★★ Couldn’t recommend Lauren more!!! I’ve known Lauren for years, she is a dedicated, hard worker and is so professional when it comes to her job. She really cares about her clients and doing the best for them.Dolceprincipessa xoDolceprincipessa xo ★★★★★ I highly recommend Will Ramos as a lawyer. He is a true professional. He explained my options with me and was very accessible & kept me updated! I also had the pleasure of working with Jayden. She was great as well. They assisted with my case and helped me tremendously! Highly recommend :)yessenia lopez ramosyessenia lopez ramos ★★★★★ I have know Attorney Will Ramos for many years. He is very detail oriented, a great advocate, and an empathetic individual.I have referred a few clients during their time of need over to Will and the friendly staff at Tona Law. He is willing to go above and beyond for others.CARLOS RODRIGUEZCARLOS RODRIGUEZ ★★★★★ I have known Will Ramos for 15 plus years and can attest to his character in placing the needs for others above his own. He is an asset to any organization and a team player with positive attitude.Jessica MalaveJessica Malave ★★★★★ I’ve known attorney Will Ramos for 16 years he always places the needs of others above his own. He is a caring man and super understanding and has a big heart.Bianca RamosBianca Ramos ★★★★★ Attorney Will Ramos is awesome the law firm is lucky to have someone like him part of their team. He genuinely cares for others and is always willing to lend a helping hand.Response from the ownerBianca, thank you for leaving a wonderful review for our firm. We are lucky to have Will Ramos as part of our team! Arianna RamosArianna Ramos ★★★★★ Attorney Will Ramos is nothing short of dedicated and hard working. Each case he works on demonstrates his passion for law and his care for his clients.Response from the ownerThank you for your review, Arianna! Will Ramos has been a wonderful asset to our team. JenneferJennefer ★★★★★ I've had the pleasure of knowing Lauren for quite a while now, and I must say, her dedication to her clients is truly remarkable. She takes immense pride in her work as a professional she seamlessly balances her role at Tona Law, where she's involved in legal matters. Having seen her commitment and skill firsthand, I can confidently recommend both Lauren and Tona Law to anyone seeking top-notch assistance.Celine Aubry-DumandCeline Aubry-Dumand ★★★★★ I had a great experience working with TonaLaw.The team was really friendly and helpful throughout the entire process.Response from the ownerCeline, thank you so much for taking the time to leave a review for our firm. We are so grateful we were able to help you and provide you with a great experience. Thank you! Adam OmallyAdam Omally ★★★★★ I have known Lauren one of the paralegals at Tona law for many years and she is dedicated to her profession and helping her clients. Wonderful person.Alexandra RandazzoAlexandra Randazzo ★★★★★ Lauren at TonaLaw was extremely helpful! She was so nice and professional. I highly recommend asking for her!Margaret CaschettaMargaret Caschetta ★★★★★ I have known Lauren for a long time and she’s always been dedicated to her job! Excellent at anything she’s ever done.NICOLE GUASTONICOLE GUASTO ★★★★★ Lauren’s great- reliable empathetic the whole package - years of knowing her I wouldn’t ask for anyone elseKeith MaederKeith Maeder ★★★★★ I have known Lauren, one of the paralegals, for many years. Her client first approach is second to none. She is knowledgeable and professional. She as an asset to both her clients and Tona Law.Emily PadillaEmily Padilla ★★★★★ Ana was super professional and very polite! Answered all the questions that was needed! Highly recommend, wish I can give 10 stars!Kailynn ApolinarisKailynn Apolinaris ★★★★★ Ana is amazing! As an old coworker I can say Ana is always ready to assist. She is a great asset to anyone lucky enough to work with her.Response from the ownerKailynn, thank you for leaving a wonderful review for our firm. Ana is truly a wonderful part of our team! peter alsenpeter alsen ★★★★★ In all of my dealings with the TonaLaw office, the lawyers and staff have been excellent.They have earned my confidence and trust.Response from the ownerWe are so pleased to hear that you’ve had such a great experience with our team. Your confidence and trust in our firm is greatly appreciated! Thank you so much for your review! Ashley VelazquezAshley Velazquez ★★★★★ Ana was knowledgeable, courteous & helpful throughout everything! She was willing to go the extra mile! It was a delight working with her. You’re in great hands when working with Ana!!Patty RivasPatty Rivas ★★★★★ The team is fantastic. I worked with Ana directly and appreciated how quickly she was able to respond back to me and provide efficient, excellent results. I would work with her again!Response from the ownerThank you so much for your kind words about Ana and the rest of our team! Patricia WernerPatricia Werner ★★★★★ Ana was phenomenal. What a great asset to Tona Law!js_loader