A female doctor reviews head trauma scans with her patient with dementia.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is caused by an external jolt or a blow in the head which damages the brain cells. It is an acquired form of brain injury that suddenly affects the functioning of the brain. When the head hits an object or when an object pierces the skull and enters brain tissue, it causes trauma to the brain. A person might have a trauma attack in the brain and still remain conscious, and studies proved that mere unconsciousness does not necessarily mean the trauma is severe. Most head injuries are minor or healable, but other head injuries are frequent causes of disability and mortality in both adults and children. TBI can be mild, moderate, or severe, depending on the extent of the damage to the brain. In a mild TBI (where a patient may remain conscious or may experience a loss of consciousness for a few seconds or minutes), symptoms like headache, confusion, lightheadedness, dizziness, blurred vision or tired eyes, ringing in the ears, bad taste in the mouth, fatigue or lethargy, a change in sleep patterns, behavioral or mood changes, and trouble with memory, concentration, attention, or thinking may be seen. Whereas in a moderate or severe TBI, these same symptoms may be present, recurrent headache, repeated vomiting or nausea, convulsions or seizures, an inability to awaken from sleep, dilation of one or both pupils of the eyes, slurred speech, weakness or numbness in the extremities, loss of coordination, and increased confusion, restlessness, or agitation are frequently seen. 

How Can Head Trauma Impact Cognitive and Psychological Health?

The risk to cognitive health posed by traumatic brain injury, which is caused by blows to the head and interferes with normal brain function, can be broken down into two categories direct repercussions and prolonged repercussions. Cognitive changes fall under the direct repercussions, and these changes can be examined with visible symptoms like memory loss, difficulty with- communicating or finding words, visual and spatial abilities (such as getting lost while driving), reasoning or problem-solving, handling complex tasks, planning and organizing, coordination and motor functions, confusion and disorientation. Other symptoms of psychological changes might be seen, such as personality changes, paranoia, agitation, and hallucinations. Amongst the prolonged repercussions are the accumulation of toxic proteins in the brain, forming plaques between brain cells and disrupting their functions, therefore resulting in Alzheimer’s disease. Other prolonged repercussion symptoms may be paralysis, depression, balancing problems, etc. 

What is the Connection Between Traumatic Brain Injury and Dementia?

TBI can leave life-long effects, and one of the most feared effects of a TBI is dementia, according to medical studies. TBI in early to midlife is associated with an increased risk of dementia in late life, in the range of 2- to 4-fold compared with the general population. While it is still incumbent on medical studies to find out if and how multiple TBIs and moderate or severe TBIs can affect a patient with or without previous dementia, a number of case studies have indicated positive answers. Thus, the categorization of TBI itself is a determinant factor to the question rather than the mere existence of the TBI. 

Having a History of TBI May Roughly Accelerate Dementia

Although research indicates a proximate connection between moderate and severe TBI and dementia, it is still limitedly evidenced if there is any between mild TBI and dementia. However, if someone has had multiple mild TBIs, it is feasible to result in late-life dementia. Acute, early symptoms of dementia include staggering and disequilibrium, in addition to mental confusion and signs of slowed muscular movement. In prolonged dementias, patients start developing clinical signs and symptoms reminiscent of parkinsonism- such as tremors, unsteadiness of gait, masked faces, and mental deterioration. Clinical studies squarely evidence a link between the history of TBI with the acceleration of dementia if the TBI level can be assessed, not otherwise. Thus, it is not conclusive- yet a subject to further studies whether TBI in general causes or accelerates dementia or hikes into Alzheimer’s disease.  

Further Conclusive Research Is Inevitable To Connect TBI and Dementia Generally

The severity level of the TBI will be directly and categorically proportional to the connection of it to dementia or any like prolonged effects. A TBI might start showing symptoms after several months or years from its occurrence, and therefore, it is frustrating for the patient and family. It is still practically undeterminable through medical studies as the sole initial or terminal factor causing general dementia or Alzheimer’s disease. However, other cognitive, mental, physical, and behavioral issues might anyway exist, even if there is no existence of dementia in the patient’s conditions. The type of brain injury, frequency, and the age at which head injuries happen may influence our risk of dementia. Observational studies which identify patterns, links, and trends may help and show an association; however, they cannot evidentially conclude whether head injuries were the direct cause of the increased risk of dementia- rather pave the way to further exploration of direct causes. Traumatic brain injury is perceived as one contributing factor that plays a potential role in increasing the risk of dementia. Other factors like age, genetics, and lifestyle factors (such as smoking, high blood pressure, excessive alcohol consumption, and obesity) are better proven to have caused or accelerated dementia and like diseases. 

Long Island Head Trauma Law Firm

If you have a catastrophic brain injury and you don’t know how to begin filing a compensation claim following your injury, the fearless Long Island Personal Injury Lawyers at TonaLaw can provide you with the sound advice and bold representation you require to achieve the best outcome for your claim. To schedule a free initial consultation, please contact us at any time. At TonaLaw, we have assisted and won the struggles that our clients have had trying to recover from their accidents. To book your free case review, call 1-833-TONALAW or contact us online.

What Our Clients Are Saying

Excellent5.0 Based on 371 reviews from review us onyessenia lopez ramosyessenia lopez ramos ★★★★★ I have know Attorney Will Ramos for many years. He is very detail oriented, a great advocate, and an empathetic individual.I have referred a few clients during their time of need over to Will and the friendly staff at Tona Law. He is willing to go above and beyond for others.CARLOS RODRIGUEZCARLOS RODRIGUEZ ★★★★★ I have known Will Ramos for 15 plus years and can attest to his character in placing the needs for others above his own. He is an asset to any organization and a team player with positive attitude.Jessica MalaveJessica Malave ★★★★★ I’ve known attorney Will Ramos for 16 years he always places the needs of others above his own. He is a caring man and super understanding and has a big heart.Bianca RamosBianca Ramos ★★★★★ Attorney Will Ramos is awesome the law firm is lucky to have someone like him part of their team. He genuinely cares for others and is always willing to lend a helping hand.Response from the ownerBianca, thank you for leaving a wonderful review for our firm. We are lucky to have Will Ramos as part of our team! Arianna RamosArianna Ramos ★★★★★ Attorney Will Ramos is nothing short of dedicated and hard working. Each case he works on demonstrates his passion for law and his care for his clients.Response from the ownerThank you for your review, Arianna! Will Ramos has been a wonderful asset to our team. JenneferJennefer ★★★★★ I've had the pleasure of knowing Lauren for quite a while now, and I must say, her dedication to her clients is truly remarkable. She takes immense pride in her work as a professional she seamlessly balances her role at Tona Law, where she's involved in legal matters. Having seen her commitment and skill firsthand, I can confidently recommend both Lauren and Tona Law to anyone seeking top-notch assistance.Celine Aubry-DumandCeline Aubry-Dumand ★★★★★ I had a great experience working with TonaLaw.The team was really friendly and helpful throughout the entire process.Response from the ownerCeline, thank you so much for taking the time to leave a review for our firm. We are so grateful we were able to help you and provide you with a great experience. Thank you! Adam OmallyAdam Omally ★★★★★ I have known Lauren one of the paralegals at Tona law for many years and she is dedicated to her profession and helping her clients. Wonderful person.Alexandra DevineAlexandra Devine ★★★★★ Lauren at TonaLaw was extremely helpful! She was so nice and professional. I highly recommend asking for her!Margaret CaschettaMargaret Caschetta ★★★★★ I have known Lauren for a long time and she’s always been dedicated to her job! Excellent at anything she’s ever done.NICOLE GUASTONICOLE GUASTO ★★★★★ Lauren’s great- reliable empathetic the whole package - years of knowing her I wouldn’t ask for anyone elseKeith MaederKeith Maeder ★★★★★ I have known Lauren, one of the paralegals, for many years. Her client first approach is second to none. She is knowledgeable and professional. She as an asset to both her clients and Tona Law.Emily PadillaEmily Padilla ★★★★★ Ana was super professional and very polite! Answered all the questions that was needed! Highly recommend, wish I can give 10 stars!Kailynn ApolinarisKailynn Apolinaris ★★★★★ Ana is amazing! As an old coworker I can say Ana is always ready to assist. She is a great asset to anyone lucky enough to work with her.Response from the ownerKailynn, thank you for leaving a wonderful review for our firm. Ana is truly a wonderful part of our team! peter alsenpeter alsen ★★★★★ In all of my dealings with the TonaLaw office, the lawyers and staff have been excellent.They have earned my confidence and trust.Response from the ownerWe are so pleased to hear that you’ve had such a great experience with our team. Your confidence and trust in our firm is greatly appreciated! Thank you so much for your review! Ashley VelazquezAshley Velazquez ★★★★★ Ana was knowledgeable, courteous & helpful throughout everything! She was willing to go the extra mile! It was a delight working with her. You’re in great hands when working with Ana!!Patty RivasPatty Rivas ★★★★★ The team is fantastic. I worked with Ana directly and appreciated how quickly she was able to respond back to me and provide efficient, excellent results. I would work with her again!Response from the ownerThank you so much for your kind words about Ana and the rest of our team! Patricia WernerPatricia Werner ★★★★★ Ana was phenomenal. What a great asset to Tona Law!joseph tonettijoseph tonetti ★★★★★ I have known Lauren one of the personal injury paralegals at Tonalaw for almost 20 years, having employed her for over a decade she is a hard worker and loves doing what she does. She has passion and strong dedication her clients. I highly recommend Tona Law.Response from the ownerLauren is a valuable asset to the TonaLaw team. She is extremely passionate and dedicated to our clients. Thank you so much for your kind words and recommendation! Rigoberto LazoRigoberto Lazo ★★★★★ Ana is such a great asset to Tonalaw. She is a very hard worker and always dedicated to her clients. She is also very empathetic and kind hearted. Her goal is always to have 100% client satisfaction and she will make sure you have that. You are in great hands at Tonalaw!Response from the ownerThank you so much for taking the time to leave our firm a thoughtful review! Ana is truly dedicated to our clients and the work we do here at TonaLaw. We are grateful to have her on our team! Melissa RivasMelissa Rivas ★★★★★ Ana is wonderful! Always eager to please her client and does great work. Very happy she’s a part of Tona Law.Kristine ForteKristine Forte ★★★★★ I am so happy I used Tonalaw. I spoke with Lauren and Jada who are amazing. Any questions I had they answered and I felt the compassion and understanding they have for me. I highly recommend using tonalaw.Mona MichelMona Michel ★★★★★ sean2844sean2844 ★★★★★ I have known Lauren one of the paralegals at Tona Law and she is extremely dedicated to her profession. She is very helpful to her clients and an asset to the firm.sorivel gulottasorivel gulotta ★★★★★ Thank you Lauren for all of your help! You are always ready for any challenge and willing to answer any questions. Always professional, informative and kind. Will highly recommend!js_loader